Bachelor of Dental Surgery
Isra Dental College offers a four year bachelor’s program in Dental Surgery which is recognized by PM&DC. The program aims at training highly competent dental surgeons in order to bridge the gap between demand and supply at national and international levels.
The four year Bachelor of Dental Surgery program is spread over a minimum of 152 credit hours of coursework and practical training. The first two years cover the basic medical and basic dental science subjects. The following two years cover clinical medical sciences like general medicine and general surgery, and clinical dental surgery subjects.
Science of Dental Materials (Credit Hours 7)
The following topics will be covered: Introduction to Dental Materials, Classification, Physical, Thermal, Electrical, and Mechanical Properties of Dental Materials. Theoretical concepts and practical application of impression material, Gypsum products. Dental waxes, polymers, dental cements, composite, metals and separating media used in dentistry.
Overview and basic concepts of investment and duplicating materials and dental casting Gold and Wrought alloys Ceramics Finishing and Polishing materials (BDDM 181 & 182).
Oral Biology and Tooth Morphology (Credit Hours 6)
The following topics are covered: Introduction of embryology of head, face and oral cavity. Focus on the concepts of Developmental Histology and function of bone / cartilage, enamel, dentine pulp complex, periodontium, oral mucosa, Tooth eruption and shedding, Tempro-mandibular joint and Oral Physiology. Focus on the Tooth Morphology and Occlusion. Preparation of slides with different staining techniques and Histological Practical use of Microscope, Microtome and preparation of ground section of teeth. (BDOB 283 & 282).
Community and Preventive Dentistry (Credit Hours 6)
The following topics are covered: Introduction to Community Dentistry and Dental Public Health. Concepts of health; disease and illness and factors affecting these states; activities carried
in the field of community dentistry. Focus on Oral epidemiology; research designs; dental surveys; clinical trails; screening; oral health assessment indices; current concepts about etiology, natural history and epidemiology of oral diseases and conditions having public health implications. Assessment of disease risk and predictive tests. Introduction of Preventive Behavioral Sciences, Introduction of Bio statistics:
(BDCD 285 & 286).
Oral Pathology (Credit Hours 10)
The following topics are covered: Theoretically focused on the developmental disturbances of teeth, Pre Malignant, Benign and Malignant Lesions, Salivary gland tumors and diseases, Odontogenic & non-Odontogenic tumors, Tooth wear, Caries, diseases of pulp and periapical tissues, Spread of Infections, Wound Healing, Diseases of bones and joints, Cysts of jaws and Oral cavity and Immunology. Practically focused on Study of Histopathological slides, Radiographs and Histochemical Techniques (BDOP 343).
Oral Medicine (Credit Hours 06)
The following topics will be covered: Introduction to oral medicine, oral examination, examination of temperomandible joint, roentgenological examination, laboratories aids, analysis, treatment planning and patient management. Oral bacterial, fungal, viral infection, white lesions, pigmented lesions, ulceration vesiculo-ballous lesions, oral aspects of systemic disease and their dental management. Oral malignancies diagnosis and management, i-e patients on radiotherapy patients on chemotherapy, Diseases of salivary glands, xenostamic, clinical features diagnosis and management.
Periodontology (Credit Hours 6)
The following topics will be covered: Introduction to Periodontology, Acute Gingivitis, Chronic Gingivitis, Desquamative Gingivitis, Periodontal Pocket, Periodontitis, Tumour and Tumour like lesion of the periodontium, Periodontal abscess and treatment, Periodontium and AIDS, GTR (Guided Tissue Regeneration), Periodontal dressing, Periodontal Suturing, Periodontal treatment of medically compromised patients and Occlusal Analysis. (BDPR 392).
Operative Dentistry (Credit Hours 12)
The following topics will be covered: Introduction to the Concept of Dental Caries, examination, diagnosis and treatment planning. Principles of cavity design and preparation, sterilization and cross infection control, isolation. Inlays and onlays, restoration of pulpless teeth, pin retained restorations, Management of medically compromised patients with special reference to HIV and Hepatitis. Providing basic concept of paedodontics and emphasis on the child management on dental practice.The Acid etch techniques in caries prevention, Pit & Fissure sealants & preventive resin. Periodontal disease in children, Injury to the primary & permanent teeth, Pulp therapy for the primary & young permanent teeth and Restorative dentistry for the primary dentition. Introduction to the crowns and emphasis on the terminology, types, impressions, clinical procedures and CAD-CAM. Providing basic concepts on the geriodontology. (BDOD 371 & 475 ).
Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery (Credit Hours 15)
The following topics will be covered: Providing knowledge and skills necessary to perform the Dento alveolar Surgery, Surgical aid to Orthodontics, Maxillary Antrum (Oro-antral fistula, foreign body), Oro-facial infection, Begin and malignant tumors of oral cavity, jaws and associated tissue, Principles of different treatment modalities (including Surgery, Radiotherapy, Chemotherapy Cryotherapy, lasers), Salivary Glands (Including tumors, sialadenitis, sialithiases, means of investigation, management), Tempro-mandibular joint (Diseases and Disorders), Classification and management of Fibro-osseous lesion, Types and management of Giant cell lesion, Developmental anomalies (Introduction and management of cleft lip and palate), Maxillofacial injuries, first aid treatment of soft tissue injuries of head and neck, Dento-alveolar injuries, fractures of mandible fractures of mid-face Orthognathic Surgery, Management of medically compromised patients and Implantology. (BDMS 373 & 474).
Orthodontics (Credit Hours 8)
The following topics will be covered: Introduction of Orthodontics and focus on basic concepts of the growth and development, occlusion, diagnostics aids in orthodontics including history, clinical evaluation, radiographs, tooth mass and size analysis and formulation of problem list, development of dentition and occlusion, malocclusion, preventive and interceptive orthodontics, bone metabolism, biomechanics, retention and relapse, removable and fixed appliances, treatment planning, surgical orthodontics and cleft lip and palate. Practical and clinical orthodontics including wire bending exercises, making removable and fix appliances, cast analysis, ceph analysis and a comprehensive orthodontic case presentation of a non skeletal malocclusion (BDOR 475).
Prosthodontics (Credit Hours 15)
The following topics will be covered: Providing knowledge and skills necessary to make artificial substitutes of naturally missing or lost natural teeth and adjoining structures i.e. Partial dentures, complete dentures, Crowns, Bridges and Maxillofacial Prosthesis. Definitions, Oral manifestation of local and systemic disorders, History and general oral examination, Evaluation, Diagnosis and Treatment planning, Prognosis, Classification, Components, Surveying, Design of Partial dentures, Impression techniques, Trial, Maxillo mandibular relationship, Selection of teeth, Arrangement of teeth, Processing and finishing, Insertion of Partial dentures. Bridges, Crowns, Over dentures, Precision retained dentures, Relining, Rebasing and repairs, Maxillo Facial Prosthesis.
Along with above subjects specific to the Dental Surgery, following subjects of the Basic Sciences, Clinical Sciences, Computer Sciences and Humanities are covered:
Anatomy, Physiology, Biochemistry, Pharmacology, Pathology, General Medicine, General Surgery, Information Technology, English, Pakistan Studies.